Farmers — Rwanda

After the war and genocide of 1994, which claimed the lives of approximately 800,000 individuals, Rwanda continues to stabilize politically and economically. The country’s first legislative and presidential elections were held in 2003. Production of key economic exports such as coffee and tea are rising, and gross domestic product is rebounding after falling precipitously.

Despite progress, poverty remains higher than pre-1994 levels. In a country where more than 90% of the population is tied to the agricultural sector with a high dependency on subsistence farming, introducing profitable cash crops is critical to the continued development of Rwanda’s economy.

Rwanda at a Glance:

  • Population: 10.5 million
  • Life expectancy: 49(M), 52(F)
  • Infant mortality: 81 per 1,000 (live births)
  • HIV/AIDS prevalence: 2.8%
  • GNI per capita: $900
  • Pop living on < $1 per day: 60%
  • UN Human Development Index rank (2008): 165 of 179 countries

Sources: CIA factbook, UN HDI.

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